Ski and snowboard are classified as dangerous sports and no skier is exempt from falls whose factors are different, from speed, obstacles, ice, presence of other skiers, etc.
As a result of the imminent dangers, the helmet is a fundamental piece of equipment, although it is not mandatory, the helmet is indispensable for skiing and snowboarding, allowing adults and children to face descents safely and avoid by more than 30% skull injuries and injuries associated with crashes or falls.
Helmets protect by absorbing the impact or impact energy and the risk of an object penetrating against the helmet.
The helmet structure can be damaged by absorbing this energy and any helmet that suffers a severe blow must be replaced even if the damage is not apparent.
To achieve the performance you are capable of and to ensure stability in the head, a helmet must be as close as possible, consistent with comfort. In normal use the helmet must be securely fastened with the chin strap under adequate tension and have good ventilation and hearing.
In conclusion of the increasingly widespread use of helmets for skiing and snowboarding, standards were implemented in which EN 1077: 2007
Abimota has a specific laboratory for carrying out all helmet tests according to Standard EN 1077: 2007, this European Standard is applicable to performance requirements and tests for two classes of helmets for alpine skiers, snowboarders and similar groups, including children and participants in competitions. the standard comprises two different classes of protection, class A and class B. The requirements and corresponding test methods, where appropriate, are as follows:
- Construction including field of view;
- Shock absorbing properties;
- Penetration resistance
- Retention system properties;
- Booking and information.